DISTRICT OF LAKELAND NO. 521Serving Emma, Christopher, Anglin & McPhee Lakes, and a portion of the Boreal Forest Region.
Environmental Advisory Committee
About the EAC
Current EAC Projects
About our Lakes
EAC Related Resources
- Environmental Plan
- Information Pamphlets
- Vacationland News Articles
- Informational Links
- Christopher Lake School
Emma Lake Nutrient Study
Why do a study?
- Lake residents and visitors are concerned about the overall Water Quality, Algal, and Weed growth observed at Emma Lake over the last few years.
- Without scientific data it is difficult to quantify the health and sustainability of our lake and difficult to demonstrate progress towards prescribed goals.
- Our water quality sampling objectives will build upon an extensive data set of water transparency measures. We anticipate building a relationship between water transparency, which is affected by algal growth and sediment load, and intermittently obtained samples of Chlorophyll A, Total Phosphorous, Nitrogen and Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen. This low-cost alternative to intensive nutrient sampling will permit community members an opportunity to measure and assess their progress in reducing nutrient impact in both a scientifically meaningful and defensible way1-3.
- A two-three-year study that began in the summer of 2018
- A partnership between the District of Lakeland, Sask Polytechnic and the North Saskatchewan River Basin Council (NSRBC)
Prime Objectives: Not a Total Solution but Sustainability and Prevention
- Gather baseline data on turbidity and water clarity levels in the three sections of Emma Lake through the open water period and try and determine seasonal trends or patterns
- Use turbidity and transparency data to try and get a better understanding of the impact of sediments and nutrient loads on algal and weed growth
- Create a detailed bathymetric map of the three lakes and look for any correlation between depth, turbidity, and transparency.
- Assess the contribution of sediment resuspension to turbidity and transparency
- Determine the affects of all types of boats on sediment resuspension and nutrients during shallow water operation
- Identify any nutrient hot spots or areas of higher nutrient levels and the causes of such areas
- Develop an education component of the study in conjunction with the NSRBC to engage lake users on way to improve Water Quality and shoreline health.
Main Contributors to Nutrient Loading – the release of nitrogen, phosphorus and other nutrients into the environment:
- Runoff sediments
- Surrounding water storage
- Septic systems and gray water (sinks, washers, tubs/showers, hot tubs)
- Fertilizers – nitrogen & Phosphorus – lawns (37% of lots lawns to water)
- Lot clearing
Re-suspension of Sediments
- Weather – wind/waves
- Lot clearing & shore works
- David Halstead – Project Co-Ordinator, resident of Emma Lake, instructor at SKPoly for over 30 years
- SaskPoly students, recent graduates of SaskPoly GIS program
- District of Lakeland EAC – Daryl Jessop, Keith Dahl, Tom Laxdal, Wayne Hyde. These 4 members are providing field assistance and their boats to gather data with the student
- District of Lakeland #521 – Environmental Advisory Committee budget
- CICan Grant – Colleges & Institutes Canada
- Kratzer CR, PL Brezonik. 1981. A Carlson-type Trophic State Index for nitrogen in Florida Lakes. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Volume 17, Issue 4 (713-715).
- Walker WW Jr., 1979. Use of hypolimnetic oxygen depletion rate as a Trophic State Index for lakes. Water Resources Research: Volume 15, No.6 (1463-1470).
- Carlson RE and J Simpson. 1996. A Coordinator’s Guide to Volunteer Lake Monitoring Methods. North American Lake Management Society. 96 pp.